This is the true | night reading phoenix legend

2022-05-31 0 By

We are all too familiar with the phoenix.Phoenix is male, and phoenix is female. The Chinese characters “Phoenix” and “phoenix” form a combination of Yin and Yang.In the Book of Mountains and Seas, the phoenix looks like a chicken. “There is a bird in its shape like a chicken, with five characters written in the text, and its name is Phoenix Huang (Huang Huang).” The pattern is in the shape of the Chinese character “Benevolence, righteousness, Propriety, wisdom and faithfulness”.”Erya · Interpretation of birds” in the phoenix is “chicken head, snake neck, swallow, turtle back, fish tail, five color, six feet high”……The image of phoenix combines the characteristics of several animals and is a sacred bird bearing noble morality.Over time, the phoenix as a whole began to feminize.In the Wei and Jin dynasties, there were a few examples of phoenix as a metaphor for women. In the Tang Dynasty, phoenix was used as a metaphor for men and women. In the Song Dynasty, women were used as a metaphor for women until the Ming Dynasty.Phoenix has also flown into the common people’s homes from the imperial high, it appears in porcelain, stone carvings, cloth, paper cuts, and with peony, wutong, auspicious clouds and other patterns combined, become auspicious, luxurious, peace, happiness cultural symbol.What about the more familiar phoenix nirvana?In fact, the Chinese phoenix does not have a life and death cycle, it is immortal, rebirth from fire this feature is imported.Where does it come from?Let’s take a look at guo Moruo’s poem: in the ancient kingdom of Heaven, there was a sacred bird named Phoenix. When it was five hundred years old, it burned itself to death by gathering incense trees and revived from ashes, fresh and delicious, and never died again.According to this bird is called phoenix in China: the male is phoenix and the female is phoenix.In other words, Phoenix, an exotic bird, might be the closest thing to a Chinese equivalent.Guo Moruo used the poem “Phoenix Nirvana” to combine the characteristics of the local phoenix and phenix to form a new “Phoenix”.In this issue of Night Reading, I recommend a book related to phoenix — Legend of Phoenix · Divine Bird.Joseph Nigg, a leading expert on mythological animals, uses a thick book to detail the history of the phoenix in different cultures around the world, telling the story of its image changes over thousands of years and revealing the complex cultural implications of the sacred bird.Although the main content of the book revolves around Phoenix, the author spends a lot of time telling the story of the Chinese Phoenix, paying homage to one of Phoenix’s Eastern archetypes.It is worth mentioning that the English Wikipedia entry for Phoenix is not “Chinese Phoenix”, but the pinyin “Fenghuang”.The earliest written record of the phoenix in the West comes from the 5th century BC in Herodotus’ History, at least 500 years later than the Book of History, in which the phoenix emperor (Huang Huang) came to perform his functions.Herodotus wrote that the ancient Egyptians had told him a story about a bird with golden and red feathers, like the rising sun, that came from Arabia every 500 years and was similar in appearance and size to an eagle.The birds would carry their dead fathers in a ball of myrrh to heliopolis, where they were buried in a temple.Herodotus’s eagle-like phoenix is also a far cry from its Egyptian ancestor, Bennu, who was based on a grey heron.Instead of having the original name bennu, Herodotus used φοῖνιξ (phoinīx), meaning purple, dark red, and date palm trees.The word later made its way into Latin and then into English, becoming the familiar Phoenix.In Herodotus’ version, although the phoenix is associated with the sun, it does not burn to ashes in the fire.In the third century AD, the Roman poet Philo Stratus wrote a story about a phoenix.The phoenix, he said, flew all over India in golden splendour, visited Egypt every 500 years and sang its own dirge as it was consumed by fire in its nest.In the 4th century AD, the classical Roman poet Claudian wrote the Phoenix, in which the phoenix established the classic image of herbs building a nest and being reborn from fire.”Willing to be burned in order to be born again;His desire for rebirth is so strong that the fire ignited the pile of herbs and burned the phoenix’s aging body…There were signs of life in the ashes, and feathers were growing out of the ashes…Between the new life and the old life, there is only a short time for the firewood to burn.”The phoenix image in medieval Animal Fables the Phoenix in the West has assumed the function of enlightenment and discipline in various metaphorical ways for a long period of time.Until the Renaissance, humanist scholars endowed the Phoenix with more human colors and expanded the “range” of the sacred bird.Petrarch, the father of the Renaissance, created the image of his lover Laura in his book of Songs and compared her to a unique phoenix.Laura’s beauty is like a phoenix flame, burning her lover, who is willing to “burn, die, and gain life” in the fire of love.The Chinese phoenix, on the other hand, has long been associated with love. Sima Xiangru’s famous poem “Phoenix seeking the Phoenix”, written for the courtship of Zhuo Wenjun, is the best example.It is no exaggeration to say that the Legend of the Phoenix and the Divine Bird was quite a struggle to read, with one point following another, and it took me a long time to read, take notes and research.The author, Joseph Nigg, wanted to write a book that would be fun to flip through over coffee, but as he combed through the materials, he found that he could no longer hold back, and the more and more he did, the more and more complicated he became, so he decided to write a big book for Phoenix.The author also noted that the origin of the phoenix image is extremely complex, and its characteristics can be found in all parts of the world.In addition to Benu, the immortal bird of Egypt, there are Anka of Arabia, Karura of India, Simurgh of Persia, and fire bird of East Slavic Mythology…These magical birds influenced each other and became what they are today over the long years.Finally, I would like to add a knowledge point that is not mentioned in the Legend of Phoenix and Divine Bird: We have folklore and suona song “Birds Pay homage to the Phoenix”. Simurgh, the Persian phoenix, also has a story of “birds pay homage to the Phoenix”.Legend has it that the phoenix Simurgh, the king of birds, lives in The Kafur Mountains and one day, he dropped a feather to China and disappeared.The group of birds decided to look for the king. They flew through seven valleys with great difficulty, and finally only 30 birds reached Cuffy Mountain.At the top of the mountain, the birds did not see the phoenix, there was only a mirror in front of them, then the voice of the phoenix came: “I am a mirror placed before your eyes, all who come before my glory see themselves, their own unique reality.”The birds finally realized that the phoenix they were looking for was themselves.They see themselves in the phoenix’s radiant face, the phoenix of the world — gazing at them with admiration, daring at last to understand that they are the phoenix, the end of their journey.Article/Han son