Peng Fuchun | Criticism is the occurrence of thought

2022-05-30 0 By

Judgment itself has two characteristics: on the one hand, whether it is qualitative, it is deconstruction; on the other hand, it is positive, it is construction.As the negation and affirmation of thought go on at the same time, criticism is generative in the fundamental sense and therefore the occurrence of thought.S article | fu-chun peng is in and the traditional philosophy of deductive method and inductive method separated sense, advocated by husserl phenomenology method is revolutionary.Phenomenology is the science of appearance of things.The thing is here consciousness, and the identity of the action and object of consciousness.So the manifestation of things is the manifestation of consciousness.Manifestation is a process in which things reveal their essence by themselves, which can be accomplished by phenomenological reduction and phenomenological intuition.The contribution of phenomenology in methodology lies in its slogan “to the thing itself”.It starts not from some principle behind the thing of thought, nor from the character of the same thing outside the thing, but from the thing itself, from the appearance, that is, the manifestation of consciousness, and thus reveals the essence of the thing.At the same time, the main method used by phenomenology is not deduction or inductive reasoning of traditional philosophy, but the intuition and description of the nature of things themselves.But “the thing itself” is both the beginning and the end of phenomenology.This is because the thing itself may not be consciousness, but language.A consciousness without language is still dark, obscured, and unmanifested, and consciousness is only when it is manifested as language, which is true consciousness and the manifestation of true consciousness.If this is the case, then phenomenology must come to an end.At the same time, modern and post-modern multivariate methods about language problems, such as hermeneutics for text comprehension and interpretation, the method of analytical philosophy of language of semantic, grammar and pragmatic analysis method, from structuralism to language structure to the social structure and the methods of psychological structure description, deconstruction methods to reveal the paradox of the text itself, and so on.So what is the philosophical approach that we use?For us, there may be no other way but the “unprincipled criticism” way of thinking.This may sound misleading.It seems to be a kind of eclecticism and mediocrity, a kind of vague and ambiguous ideological attitude that is impossible to do without.However, unprincipled criticism emphasizes that thoughts do not start from any established principles, thus negating all existing positions and views, as well as all kinds of preconceptions, prejudices and prejudices formed thereby.It denies not only the position of the thinker, but also the principles on which the thesis of thought is based.It is therefore not only unprincipled, but also unprincipled.Unprincipled criticism is only a critique of the subject from the subject of the thought given.For criticism of thought, the given topic is first the linguistic phenomenon, or the spoken words, and then the thoughts and problems revealed by language.Unprincipled criticism strengthens the critical nature of philosophy.Criticism cannot simply be equated with negation, which has a negative meaning, but distinguishes and divides boundaries.Boundaries are the beginning and end of a thing.It is at the boundary that a thing is distinguished from something else and becomes itself and obtains its own determinations.At the same time, through the change and drift of the boundary, a thing is distinguished from itself and obtains its new definition.As a critique of demarcating boundaries, it distinguishes existence from nothingness, reality from illusory, manifestation from concealment, etc.On the one hand, it is deconstruction whether it is qualitative or not; on the other hand, it is constructive or positive.As the negation and affirmation of thought go on at the same time, criticism is generative in the fundamental sense and therefore the occurrence of thought. The author is a professor of philosophy at Wuhan University. He is the author of five books of Sinology (” On Sinology “, “On Lao Zi”, “On Confucius”, “On Wisdom” and “on Confucianism, Taoism and Zen”, all published and distributed by People’s Publishing House).The title of this article was added by the editor.On Living, Reading, Learning and more