“Ancient Auspicious beast” return to grow up

2022-05-01 0 By

This article was transferred from;”Like deer not deer, like horse not horse, like ox not ox, like donkey not donkey, the head of the gods and beasts.”When it comes to “Sibuxiang”, the image that appears in young people’s minds today may be the cute and lovely horse of Jiang Taigong in the Chinese comic book Jiang Ziya.In fact, “Sibuxiang” scientific name milu deer, is the artiodactyla, deer, milu genus of mammals.Because its head is like a horse, horns like a deer, hooves like an ox and tail like a donkey, it is a rare animal in the world and is also known as the “Ancient Auspicious beast”.Not long ago, China Youth Daily · China Youth network reporter came to Dafeng Milu Deer National Nature Reserve in Jiangsu Province.The winter here is lively, and the grassland is flat and stretches for thousands of miles.There are a group of elk on the ground, the sky from time to time there are red-crowned cranes, black-billed gull, white-tailed sea eagles and other precious birds flying over.The male elk that walks in front of the reporter is very tall, two horn hard, slender, powerful, bring a kind of “aristocratic atmosphere”.Bigger and stronger than sika deer.Adult male milu deer can weigh more than 500 jin, officials said.Xu Anhong, born in 1964, has been here for 35 years.Since 1987, Xu has watched the number of milu deer grow from 39 to 6,119 today. “I can’t tell you how happy I am,” he said.After graduating from technical secondary school, Xu anhong was assigned to the reserve as a veterinarian.It was a tough job for Xu anhong when the reserve was just established.”In the beginning, we only had 15,000 acres of land, and everything was desolate swamps and mudflats.”Xu Anhong but enjoy themselves, gradually like the ancient books often appear in the strange animals.”In mythology, Jiang Ziya rides a moose.I realized that this was the life for me.”In the story of Gods, sibuxiang, the sacred beast, was the first riding of The Emperor Of The Yuan Dynasty and the elder brother of Jiang Ziya. It was one of the three treasures of the Yuxu Palace with the power of dragon, fierce tiger, loyal dog and spirit of deer.The poem praised: “The scaly head leopard tail body like a dragon, foot auspicious light to nine weight;The four seas kyushu random times, three mountains and five Mountains every moment.”The real milu deer, because they rest during the day and are active at night, often give people a “lazy” feeling.Can run up, milu deer is very fast, is “the king of short distance project”.At the same time, they are good swimmers and wave treaders. They are very fond of warm and humid swamp waters, and even like to touch the water and eat seaweed.They lived in China for millions of years. From about 10,000 years ago to 3,000 years ago, the population of Milu deer was at its most prosperous, once numbering over 100 million.”More people than there were back then.”Milu deer are large herbivores in China, Xu said.Generations of hunting have decimated the population of wild milu deer.By the end of the Qing Dynasty, only some of them were kept in the imperial gardens.Milu deer used to be widely distributed along the Yangtze River in east and central China, but the main distribution center is still in the coastal area of the Yangtze River Delta.The number of elk bones unearthed from human sites between 10,000 and 4,000 years ago is roughly the same as that of domestic pigs.However, after 1866, ministers from Britain, France, Germany, Belgium and other countries stationed in the Qing Dynasty and churchmen took dozens of milu deer from Nanhaizi Hunting Park in Beijing through secret purchase and other means, and kept them in zoos of various countries.After the eight-nation allied forces invaded Beijing, the milu deer was robbed and killed by the great powers, and became extinct in our country.The relay of several generations of conservationists: from 39 to 6,119, xu admires the Duke of Befort in Britain.The Duke of Befort watched with great anxiety as elk died in the zoos of Europe.In 1898, after more than ten years, he spent a lot of money to buy 18 milu deer around the world, and breeding in the Park of Ubang Temple.”These 18 milu deer are the ‘ancestors’ of all milu deer in the world today.”Xu anhong said.By the time of World War II, ubon Temple manor had 255 milu deer.In order to avoid the war completely destroy the manor and the elk, the duke of Befort’s descendants decided to transfer the elk to the world’s large zoos.By the end of 1983, there were 1,320 milu deer in the world.In 1986, the former Ministry of Forestry and the People’s government of Jiangsu Province set up a protected area in Dafeng.In the same year, the sanctuary brought in 13 male and 26 female elk from seven UK zoos for a total of 39 elk.”This is our tinder.”After a hundred years, milu deer return to the motherland, Xu Anhong knows the heavy responsibility.He thumbed through ancient books, but found only vague records.For milu deer habits, eating habits, xu anhong almost know nothing.”At that time, we only knew that milu deer liked to swim and live in swamps and plains.”Dafeng land flat, swamps, is the natural habitat of milu deer.To understand the milu deer, Xu turned his attention to another wildlife in the reserve, the Toothed Chinese deer.The Tooth water deer belongs to the mammal class artiodactyl deer, and similar to the milu deer.Xu anhong has accumulated rich first-hand information by observing the Chinese deer.By putting in a variety of food and observing the consumption, Xu found that wheat bran, barley, corn and bean cakes were the most suitable for milu deer.To better observe the deer, Xu and his colleagues also bought electronic collars worth $1,000 each from the United States to observe the deer’s movements through satellite positioning and analyze which areas it prefers to live in.”This could be an early trip code.”Xu anhong said humorously.Under the careful care of Xu anhong and his colleagues, the milu deer once again “took root” in the land.Along with the milu deer, generations of reserve workers have taken root in Dafeng.Yao Yajun, 36, works in the safety and security department of the reserve administration.He grew up on the reserve, where both his parents worked.He saw what was happening to the reserve.”Not only has the number of milu deer increased, but more than 100 species of rare birds have come to the sanctuary.There is more biodiversity.”Yao yajun found that in summer, there would be a lot of mosquitoes on the body of the milu deer, and those precious birds would lie on the deer’s back to eat insects.Such a harmonious ecological picture was deeply impressed in yao Yajun’s mind.When he grew up, he stayed on the reserve and worked as a ranger.The reserve is managed on a grid, and Yao’s group B patrols 400 to 500 milu deer around Dafeng Port every day.For Yao yajun, they are “ambulances” for wild milu deer.In August 2021, 18 milu deer on Yao’s grid became trapped in a canal built by local villagers.After that, Yao Yajun rushed to the scene, respectively to the elk anesthesia, and cooperate with the fire brigade to rescue it.Today, the reserve covers an area of about 40,000 mu, with 98 monitoring equipment in zones 1, 2 and 3, allowing for more refined management of the milu deer.Chen Jie, a 33-year-old dafeng native, started working in 2013.He is mainly responsible for feeding the milu deer.Today, he works to become an assistant veterinarian.”Farmed moose need to be fed all year round;In order to ensure that the wild milu deer can survive the winter when food is scarce, we also release food for them.”Chen Jie introduced that food was put out twice a day.Each milu deer eats 5-6 kg of feed a day.In addition, the scientific research and monitoring center building is an important department to protect milu deer.In 2018, they added three new monitoring sites, monitoring more than 30 indicators including hydrology, soil and meteorology in the protected areas 24 hours a day, updating them every 15 minutes and uploading them to the big data platform for researchers to use, greatly improving the level of scientific research.Over the years, the reserve has hosted 42 national, provincial and municipal scientific research projects, including 3 national key research projects, 6 science and technology achievement awards of ministry, provincial and municipal level, and 4 national patents.The related staff of the reserve have also published 13 books on research of Pere David’s deer and more than 130 research papers on professional journals at home and abroad, with more than 80 research achievements, 7 of which have filled the blank in the history of research of pere David’s deer in the world.In an interview with China Youth Daily · China Youth Network reporter, Xu Anhong was a little excited, “Under our unremitting efforts, now the term ‘David Deer’ has been basically no one.All over the world, the Chinese pinyin for Milu deer is regarded as a standardized expression for milu deer.”Now, the number of milu deer in the reserve has developed from 39 in 1986 to 6119 now, accounting for 60% of the total number of milu deer in the world, and its reproduction rate, survival rate and annual increase rate rank first in the world.The number of wild milu deer reached 2,658, ending a 100-year history without a complete wild milu deer population worldwide.As a “lucky animal” in China, milu deer has experienced a big cycle from its origin, prosperity, breeding and disappearance to its return and reproduction for millions of years.With the continuous optimization of the environment and ecology, the milu deer born in China will eventually flourish in the East.During the interview, Xu looked out of the window at the vast meadow.Under the sun, his hair is turning gray, and he harbors a dream: experts say the number of milu deer should reach 100,000.By then, the wild milu deer in Shishou City, Hubei province ran from west to east, and the wild milu deer in our reserve ran from east to west, and finally met in the Yangtze River Ecological Corridor.”I believe this day will come!”Photo by Yang Guomei